Ekelöf, Gunnar


Ekelöf, Gunnar
(1907-1968)
   A Swedish poet and essayist, Ekelof played a decisive role in introducing modernism to his homeland. Coming from a difficult family background, he felt like an outsider and thus had the temperament of someone who could bring about change. After a stay in Paris, he published his first volume of poetry, Sent pa jorden (1932; tr. Late Arrival on Earth, 1967), which, among other inventions, contained no capital letters. His next three volumes of poetry, Dedikation (1934; Dedication), Sorgen och stjar-nan (1936; The Sorrow and the Star), and Kop den blindes sang (1938; Buy the Blind Man's Song), show influence from romanticism and symbolism.
   Färjesang (1941; Ferry Song) attests to the impact of World War II on Ekelof, as he tries to come to terms with a world where such forces as fascism and communism play dominant roles. The book was not well received, as it did little to bolster the morale ofits Swedish readers. The title of the next collection, Non serviam (1945; I Will Not Be a Slave), emphasizes that Ekelof had no wish to be identified with any kind of collective, and certainly not with the Swedish welfare state. Om hosten (1951; In the Autumn) contains "Roster under jorden" (Voices from Underground), which presents past and present as a single temporal continuum and which can also be read as a description of how the poet has passed into a dream world.
   Ekelof's Strountes (1955; Nonsense), Opus incertum (1959), and En natt i Otocac (1961; A Night in Otocac) were considered anti-poetic by the poet, in that the meaning of language is presented as always deferred. En Moälna-Elegi (1960; tr. AMoälna Elgy, 1971) is highly allusive and shows influence from T. S. Eliot. One of the true masterpieces of Swedish poetry, it uses Latin graffiti on the left-hand page with Ekelof's Swedish text on the right. The effect thus created is both a juxtaposition of past and present and a confrontation of two different cultural heritages.
   While visiting Turkey in 1965, Ekelof experienced an unusual moment of inspiration which resulted in a poetic trilogy consisting of DTvanover Fursten av Emigion (1965; Divan about the Prince of Emigion), Sagan om Fatumeh (1966; The Tale of Fatumeh), and Vägvisare till underjorden (1967; tr. Guide to the Underworld, 1980). The Prince of Emigion undergoes much suffering, and Sagan om Fatumeh is a great love story. The final volume is an attempt to find harmony in a world of split and fragmented human experience. Ekelof also published several volumes of essays that attest to his wide reading: Promenader (1941; Promenades), Utflykter (1947; Excursions), and Blandade kort (1957; Shuffled Cards).

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

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  • Ekelöf, Gunnar — ▪ Swedish poet born Sept. 15, 1907, Stockholm died March 16, 1968, Sigtuna, Swed.       outstanding Swedish poet and essayist.       Ekelöf exerted great influence on his contemporaries. His radically modern style was influenced by such poets as… …   Universalium

  • Gunnar Ekelöf — en 1967. Activités Poète et écrivain Naissance 15  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • EKELÖF (G.) — EKELÖF GUNNAR (1907 1968) Plus va le temps, plus il s’avère que l’œuvre du poète suédois Gunnar Ekelöf est l’une des plus importantes de ce siècle, et pas seulement pour la Suède. Lorsque le recul aura permis de prendre la mesure de ce que ce… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ekelöf — Ekelöf,   Gunnar, schwedischer Schriftsteller, * Stockholm 15. 9. 1907, ✝ Sigtuna 16. 3. 1968; Lyriker, Kunst und Literaturkritiker; in seinem Werk von Musik, Mystik, indischer und arabischer Literatur und Philosophie beeinflusst. 1932 erschien… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gunnar Ekelöf — (Stockholm, September 15, 1907 Sigtuna, March 16, 1968) was a Swedish poet and writer. He was a member of the Swedish Academy from 1958. He was also awarded a honorary doctorate in philosophy by Uppsala University in 1958. He won a number of… …   Wikipedia

  • Gunnar Ekelöf — Ekelöf im Jahr 1967 Bengt Gunnar Ekelöf (Aussprache: [ˌgɵnːaɹ ˈeːkəløːv], * 15. September 1907 in Stockholm; † 16. März 1968 in Sigtuna) war ein schwedischer Schriftsteller. Ekelöf wird zu den bedeutenden schwedischen Lyrikern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gunnar Ekelöf — en 1967 Gunnar Ekelöf nació el 15 de septiembre de 1907 en Estocolmo y falleció en Sigtuna, el 16 de marzo de 1968. Poeta y escritor sueco. Biografía Estudió en la Escuela de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gunnar — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ekelöf — Bengt Gunnar Ekelöf (* 15. September 1907 in Stockholm; † 16. März 1968 in Sigtuna) war ein schwedischer Schriftsteller. Ekelöf wird zu den bedeutenden schwedischen Lyrikern des 20. Jahrhunderts gezählt. Zuweilen wird er als der radikalste unter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bengt Gunnar Ekelöf — (* 15. September 1907 in Stockholm; † 16. März 1968 in Sigtuna) war ein schwedischer Schriftsteller. Ekelöf wird zu den bedeutenden schwedischen Lyrikern des 20. Jahrhunderts gezählt. Zuweilen wird er als der radikalste unter den Dichtern der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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